Data Center Design: Raised Floor Versus Slab Floor

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There are very few topics within the data center industry that generate as much heated debate as the debate between raised floor system construction and slab floor construction

There are very few topics within the data center industry that generate as much heated debate as the debate between raised floor system construction and slab floor construction. One of those very few topics is the Conductive Vinyl Floor Tiles versus slab floor construction.




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In the 1990s, Aluminum access floor tiles construction was the standard for almost all data centers, so the topic was never even brought up in casual conversation. However, this has changed significantly since then.



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A great number of companies that produce cooling systems and equipment have issued statements in an attempt to put an end to the debate once and for all, which has served to stoke the flames of controversy even further. Even going so far as to declare that raised concrete floor tiles data centers are no longer necessary, one of these manufacturers has taken this stance.

  • Because it runs more than 90 Internet Business Exchanges (IBXs) in different locations around the world, Equinix has a wealth of experience in the design, construction, and operation of both types of data centers

  • This is due to the fact that Equinix operates data centers all over the world

  • When we began construction on our first IBXs in 1998, we used slab floors and overhead cooling rather than raised floors, which caused many people in the industry to raise their eyebrows

  • Instead of raised floors, we used slab floors


In the years that followed, those IBXs performed exceptionally well, particularly when it came to managing loads with high power density (HPD), such as the first blade servers and high-performance optimized compute platforms such as the Sun Fire UltraSPARC boxes. In particular, these IBXs managed loads exceptionally well when it came to managing loads with HPD. In addition to that, those IBXs had a remarkable capacity for easily managing high-performance computing platforms that had been optimized. Our IBXs were able to successfully cool these loads without any issues, in contrast to the traditional data centers, which were having difficulty doing so.

Both kinds of data centers are currently under construction by Equinix, which is a major player in the data center industry. Why? The requirements of the company, in addition to the requirements of the market, served as the basis for the decision.

The requirements that are imposed by business and operation should serve as the driving force behind the design of any data center or facility that is used for the transmission of communications. In addition to cooling, there are a variety of other considerations that need to be made, which is especially important in a multi-tenant facility such as an Equinix IBX. A data center that was built from the ground up by a single owner or tenant with a specific goal in mind is capable of being optimized in a wide variety of different ways. On the other hand, a multi-tenant colocation facility needs to be capable of catering to the needs of a diverse range of clients.

According to the findings of our investigation, neither design possesses a significant advantage over the other when it comes to the level of cooling efficiency necessary to accommodate the power density of the base design. When compared to the amount of energy required by a pressurized raised steel raised floor panels system that delivers cooling air via perforated SPC Floor For Sale tiles, the amount of energy required to push cooling air through overhead ducts and diffusers is roughly equivalent to the amount of energy required by the system. The raised floor has an advantage over traditional Concrete Raised Floor in terms of the flexibility of its layout because the perforated tiles are easy to rearrange. This gives the raised floor an advantage over traditional flooring. On the other hand, when overhead cooling is used, there are significantly fewer issues with air leakage and air bypass. Because of the raised floor, maintaining proper airflow throughout the system is a little bit more challenging.

When the various costs associated with the construction are compared, it becomes clear that neither tactic offers a significant benefit over the other. In the end, the numerous component costs that are associated with each strategy lead to a cost that is comparable per square foot of data center area.

When deciding between the two different systems, therefore, the requirements of the company should be the primary factor that is taken into consideration. The carpet commercial carpet tiles method offers a number of advantages, including increased future flexibility in multi-tenant buildings, which is just one of the many benefits.

The accessible hotel carpet Commercial Carpet Flooring  plenum makes it easier to implement future changes, such as added cooling or electrical infrastructure, because it is simpler to run new conduits or piping under a  than it is to run overhead in a live data center. This is because running overhead in a live data center is more difficult.(SPC Floor For Sale is important to keep in mind that the underfloor plenum in our IBXs with raised floors is utilized primarily for air delivery in addition to the routing of chilled water piping, if there is any chilled water piping at all.)Power and data cables are strung along the ceiling in this building. As a direct result of this, the area beneath the floor contains a comparatively small number of obstructions. It is essential for certain kinds of facilities to have the capability to run future services to HPD cooling equipment like door coolers, in-row cooling units, or heat transfer media directly to servers. These types of cooling equipment include door coolers, in-row cooling units, and in-row cooling units.

The advantage of the slab floor is that it reduces the costs associated with overall maintenance, as well as the installation and movement of equipment. You won't have to worry about the challenges that come with point loading or moving loads if you have a slab floor, as opposed to raised Aluminum raised access floor systems, which force you to deal with these issues. The costs associated with maintaining a slab floor are significantly lower when compared to the costs associated with maintaining a raised floor.

A slab Concrete Raised Floor typically has a cheaper price tag when it comes to the cost of ensuring seismic (earthquake) performance. When utilizing a slab, it is much easier to anchor the equipment, and there is no need for the additional lateral bracing and reinforcement that is required when utilizing a  system. On the other hand, when utilizing a raised floor system, these elements are essential. For a global operator like Equinix, the demand from customers is an important factor to take into consideration. The industry forecasts that data centers will have raised floors in a variety of different regions across the globe at some point in the near future. Because of this, some of our designs incorporate a raised floor, but the power supplies, data networks, and certain cooling functions (such as return air plenums for close-coupled cooling) are still housed in the ceiling.

In a nutshell, the design of a data center ought to be evaluated according to how well it satisfies both the operational and the business goals that have been decided upon. The heated conversation should be allowed to continue.